Does Anxiety Cause Dizziness: 5 Ways How to Stop Anxiety Dizziness & Fainting

It is normal to feel anxious from time to time. When you experience anxiety, your body reacts in a variety of ways. But, does anxiety cause dizziness?

One of the most common physical reactions to anxiety is dizziness. Because these two symptoms are so closely related, it’s easy to assume that one causes the other. In fact, many people who suffer from anxiety think that experiencing dizziness is a sign that they have an anxiety disorder. If you have ever felt lightheaded or dizzy after being anxious, you may worry that this is a sign of something more serious than general stress and worry.

But rest assured — dizziness caused by anxiety isn’t uncommon and doesn’t mean you have anything to be scared of! Anxiety can actually be beneficial in small doses, as it triggers the body to respond quickly in a crisis situation and activates the fight or flight response.

With the help of our experts below, we’ll explore what anxiety can do to your equilibrium and how dizziness as a result of fear can be managed.

Does anxiety Cause Dizziness?

Does Anxiety Cause Dizziness?

Dizziness can be caused by both acute and chronic anxiety. The anxiety-induced dizziness can be described as a sense of lightheadedness or wooziness but people may experience a feeling of motion or spinning inside the brain. This can be because of the short breaths (that lead to reduced carbon dioxide in the blood/ hyperventilation) that emanate from anxiety, vasovagal syncope, subjective sensations, and also because it creates a negative feedback loop.

Let’s start by exploring how anxiety can cause the sensation of dizziness. When you are anxious, your body produces a significant amount of adrenaline. This hormone can often impair your ability to focus and can contribute to headaches and digestive issues.

When you feel anxious, your blood pressure also increases significantly. This can cause your heart to beat faster and more forcefully — and, in turn, can affect the blood flow to your brain.

In particular, anxiety can cause your blood to rush to your head and can cause you to experience dizziness. This is especially the case if you have an anxiety disorder, such as a phobia.

Phobias are characterized by a general anxiety disorder that manifests in a fear of something specific, such as spiders or public speaking. Fearing something specific can lead to more generalized anxiety, which can result in more intense symptoms like dizziness.

How Does Anxiety Cause Dizziness?

When you are anxious, your body goes into “fight or flight” mode. This means that your body releases adrenaline, cortisol, and other hormones that prepare you for stressful events, like a job interview or a test. Unfortunately, these hormones can also make you feel dizzy.

Because your body is already in a heightened state of anxiety, additional anxiety can make you feel even more lightheaded or dizzy. For example, if you have a phobia of heights and are already feeling nervous about seeing a tall building, you may feel even more lightheaded if you’re feeling anxious about the height of the building.

If you experience anxiety-induced dizziness, it’s often in response to blood flow to the head. When your blood pressure spikes, your heart pumps blood to your brain and head more quickly.

This can cause your blood to rush to these areas so quickly that insufficient amounts reach your lower body. This can result in lightheadedness or dizziness in some people. Dizziness can also result from blood flow issues in the brain. If your blood isn’t going to the right areas in your brain, the rest sinks and can result in dizziness.

Fight or flight response linked to dizziness

When you experience an extreme or sudden feeling of anxiety, your body goes into a “fight or flight” response. This means that your brain senses danger, so it triggers the release of stress hormones, including cortisol and adrenaline.

These hormones prepare your body for action by increasing heart rate, blood pressure, and blood flow to your muscles. In addition, these hormones cause muscle tension and the urge to flee (or run away).

Because all of these reactions happen when you experience anxiety, it’s easy to see how dizziness could occur as a symptom. First, adrenaline and cortisol cause your blood pressure to increase, which can cause your head to spin.

This is why many people experience lightheadedness when they stand up too quickly — their blood pressure drops too quickly. When you’re anxious, this blood pressure change can happen quickly, which is why many people experience sudden dizziness when they are anxious.

Dizziness in acute and chronic anxiety

Dizziness can be present in both acute and chronic anxiety. In fact, it’s a common symptom of both. Dizziness can be a side effect of anxiety in both acute and chronic anxiety. Acute anxiety is a short-term state of being anxious.

If you’re having a panic attack or you’re extremely stressed out, it can cause dizziness. Chronic anxiety is a long-term state of being anxious. If you’re experiencing chronic anxiety, you may experience dizziness from time to time.

While both types of anxiety can cause dizziness, the type of dizziness you experience depends on the other symptoms you’re experiencing.

Dizziness as a Physical Reaction to Anxiety

Anxiety can cause physical reactions in your body as well as dizziness. Anxiety can cause your blood pressure to rise, resulting in headaches and general discomfort. It can also make your palms sweaty, make your hands shake, or make it hard to breathe.

These symptoms can result in dizziness. If you have trouble breathing, your heart may start to beat faster to make up the difference. This can cause blood to rush to your head, making you feel dizzy.

If you have anxiety, you may notice that you have an increased heart rate. You may also notice that you have trouble breathing. If so, you may feel dizzy as a result.

Dizziness as a Symptom of Panic Attack

If you have a panic attack, you may experience dizziness as well. A panic attack occurs when your body is in fight or flight mode for an extended period of time. A panic attack can result in shortness of breath, dizziness, and more.

Dizziness is a very common symptom present in many anxiety disorders, but it may also be a symptom of a panic attack. If you experience dizziness during a panic attack, you may be experiencing anxiety-induced dizziness.

If you are experiencing dizziness during a panic attack, you can try to breathe deeply to calm your body down. You can also try to distract yourself from the dizziness by reading or watching TV until the dizziness passes.

Inner ear disorders linked to dizziness

As we mentioned above, anxiety can trigger dizziness, which is also a symptom of inner ear disorders. If you have a serious medical condition or a disease that affects your inner ear, dizziness can be a sign of that condition.

Dizziness is a symptom of Meniere’s disease, which is caused by a buildup of fluid in the inner ear. This disorder causes recurrent attacks of vertigo (a sensation of spinning), hearing loss, a feeling of fullness in the ear, and a ringing sound in the ear (known as tinnitus).

Vestibular migraine is also an inner ear disorder that can cause dizziness. This condition causes recurrent attacks of vertigo and headache that are triggered by changes in the weather.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) linked to dizziness

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a disorder that causes the sudden onset of vertigo or dizziness. This disorder occurs when calcium crystals build up in the semicircular canals inside the inner ear. These crystals cause the canals to become misaligned, leading to dizziness.

BPPV usually affects people who are older than 50 years or have a history of ear infections. It can also be triggered by a sudden change in position, such as bending over or lying down.

BPPV can be treated with exercises that reposition the crystals in the canals, medication, or treatments such as physical therapy, acupuncture, and balance exercises.

Vertigo linked to dizziness

We’ve talked a lot about anxiety causing dizziness, but what about the other way around? In some cases, dizziness can cause anxiety. This is more common in people who have a hearing impairment and experience a constant state of dizziness.

Dizziness can cause anxiety because a person may feel like they can’t function normally.

When this happens, a person may avoid social activities or other events that require him or her to be in a situation with noise and a lot of people. This avoidance can lead to social isolation and feelings of loneliness and anxiety.

The vestibular system role in dizziness

The vestibular system is a network of nerves and fluid-filled structures in the inner ear that controls balance and spatial orientation. When these systems are out of balance, it can cause you to feel dizzy and unsteady.

The most common causes of dizziness are inner ear infections, motion sickness, Benign positional vertigo (BPPV), vestibular migraine, and Meniere’s disease.

Dizziness can be triggered by anxiety, but it’s also common for people with anxiety to experience dizziness. In some cases, anxiety-related dizziness may be due to over-activation of the vestibular system.

Anxiety can trigger the nervous system to go into overdrive, which might cause your body to feel as though it’s spinning out of control.

How long does dizziness from anxiety last

If you experience anxiety-related dizziness that goes away within a few minutes or less, you don’t need to see a doctor. However, if the dizziness lasts longer than 15 minutes or if it’s severe, you should visit your doctor to rule out any serious medical conditions.

If you experience anxiety-related dizziness, don’t let it scare you. Anxiety-related dizziness is normal, and it doesn’t mean that you have a serious medical condition.

It’s important not to let anxiety-induced dizziness cause you to avoid life. Dizziness can be scary, but there are things you can do to manage it.

Can anxiety cause dizziness all day?

If you experience anxiety-related dizziness and it lasts all day, you may want to speak with a doctor. There are many things that can cause dizziness that last all day, including a serious medical condition.

Anxiety-related dizziness that lasts all day can be caused by hyperventilation and stress hormones. Hyperventilation causes the body to breathe too quickly and deeply, which can throw off the body’s normal carbon dioxide and oxygen levels.

If you’re experiencing anxiety-related dizziness all day, it’s important not to ignore it. You can treat anxiety-related dizziness by controlling your breathing and learning relaxation techniques. You should also see your doctor to rule out any serious medical conditions.

Dizziness as a Side Effect of Anxiety Medication

Dizziness when taking anxiety medication is common with tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) as compared to the other antidepressants.

Some people experience dizziness as a side effect of anxiety medication for anxiety disorders or panic attacks. If you’re noticing dizziness as a side effect of your medication, talk to your doctor about changing the dosage or trying a different medication.

However, when taking anxiety medication, use caution and take your time when getting up from a seated or lying position and also moving slowly. The slow rising from the position enables a smooth flow of blood to the brain and reduces the feeling of being lightheaded. This ensures that you do not get dizzy and fall (fainting can occur).

Moreover, the abrupt withdrawal of antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) can lead to dizziness.

Can anxiety cause fainting?

Some people faint in reaction to an emotional trigger which can be a result of hyperventilation. Fainting is one of the symptoms of anxiety disorder, where you may experience a sudden blackout.

Sudden noticeable changes in blood pressure where a sudden and significant drop in blood pressure can lead to fainting. This is because the drop in blood pressure reduces blood flow and oxygen to the brain.

Some people faint when shocked, when they see blood or an extremely sick person. Others can faint when they have extreme excitement, anxiety, or fear. The fainting may be a result of dizziness or other causes.

It is highly unlikely that you will faint due to a panic attack. This is because it increases blood pressure instead of lowering it. However, the dizziness associated with panic attacks can lead to fainting.

If you faint just once in while due to anxiety, there is nothing to worry about. However, if you lose consciousness frequently or you have any other symptoms additionally, then we recommend seeing a doctor.

When to see a doctor

If you experience anxiety-related dizziness that lasts longer than 15 minutes or is severe, you should see your doctor. This can help you rule out any serious medical conditions that could be causing your dizziness.

If you experience anxiety-related dizziness, don’t let it scare you. Anxiety-related dizziness is normal, and it doesn’t mean that you have a serious medical condition.

It’s important not to let anxiety-induced dizziness cause you to avoid life. Dizziness can be scary, but there are things you can do to manage it.

3 Breath Practices to Stop Anxiety-Induced Dizziness

If you are experiencing anxiety-induced dizziness, you can try a few breathing exercises that may help stop the dizziness. Deep Breathing: This is a simple exercise that can help calm your body down.

To do this exercise, sit in a quiet place with your eyes closed. Take a few moments to clear your mind before beginning. Once you feel ready, begin to breathe in deeply through your nose. Hold in your breath for a few seconds before slowly letting it out through your mouth. Repeat this a few times until you feel calmer.

Breathing Awareness: This exercise is similar to deep breathing but may be even more effective. To do this exercise, sit in a quiet place with your eyes closed. Take a few moments to clear your mind before beginning. Once you feel ready, pay attention to your breathing. Observe your breath as it enters and leaves your body. Notice where in your body you feel your breath. Repeat this exercise until you feel calm.

Counting Breaths: If you find yourself feeling dizzy and frustrated with your breathing exercises, counting breaths may help. To do this exercise, sit in a quiet place with your eyes closed. Take a few moments to clear your mind before beginning. Once you feel ready, begin to count each breath you take. Continue to count each breath until you feel calm.

Ways to Reduce Anxiety Without Medication

If you’re experiencing anxiety without medication, there are a few ways to reduce your anxiety without medication. There are many ways to manage and reduce anxiety, including taking part in self-care activities and exploring different anxiety treatments.

These include:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Mindfulness
  • Exercise
  • Exposure Therapy
  • Healthy Diet and Lifestyle

What is Anxiety and What Causes It?

Anxiety, or anxiety disorder, is a mental health disorder that can affect people of all ages, backgrounds, and walks of life. While there is no one cause of anxiety, there are certain factors that can increase one’s risk of experiencing a generalized anxiety disorder.

Anxiety is a normal human emotion that helps us react to stressful or dangerous situations. When we’re faced with a stressful situation, our bodies enter a “fight-or-flight” response, which releases a hormone called adrenaline.

This hormone prepares our bodies to deal with the stress we’re experiencing, whether that be a difficult exam, a scary movie, or a big work presentation.

If someone experiences anxiety disorders, they feel anxious much more often than normal, and the anxiety interferes with their daily lives. Anxiety disorders are common and can affect people of all ages.

Anxiety disorders often develop in childhood or adolescence and can persist into adulthood. While some people can experience anxiety disorders for the first time in adulthood, it is more common for people to have it early in their lives.

Other anxiety symptoms

Other than dizziness, anxiety can present with the following symptoms and signs:

  • Anxiety can cause insomnia, fatigue, and a poor diet.
  • You might have trouble concentrating or feel like you have a short attention span and sometimes feel restless.
  • You might have a feeling of impending doom, constant worry, and feel like you have to always be on the go.
  • You might have feelings of restlessness, irritability, and feel like you always have to be doing something.
  • You might feel like you’re on edge and easily startled.
  • You might have a racing heartbeat and feel a tightening in your chest.

Related: Anxiety and Chronic Back Pain: What does Anxiety Back Pain Feel Like?

Conclusion

Anxiety can cause dizziness, but it’s important to note that this is a very common symptom that has many different causes. If you experience anxiety-related dizziness, try to identify ways to manage the symptom.

Start by taking note of your anxiety trigger. What are you doing when you feel dizzy? Are there any specific situations that trigger your anxiety-related dizziness? If so, try to avoid those situations if possible.

When you feel dizzy, try to slow your breathing. This can help to reduce your anxiety and stop your dizziness. Finally, try to practice healthy habits. Eating well, exercising, and getting enough sleep can help you to manage your anxiety

Citations:

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20144124/

https://www.healthline.com/health/anxiety/anxiety-dizziness

Dr. David Barlow

David is a well-known researcher and author in the anxiety disorders area with extensive research on their etiology, nature, and treatment. He started the site to share his real-life experiences on the management of anxiety disorders with successful diagnosis and treatment being his motivation to write or review the content on this site.